Categories
First Aid

Electric Shock

  1. Separate the Person From Current’s Source

To turn off power:

  • Unplug an appliance if plug is undamaged or shut off power via circuit breaker, fuse box, or outside switch.

If you can’t turn off power:

  • Stand on something dry and non-conductive, such as dry newspapers, telephone book, or wooden board.
  • Try to separate the person from current using non-conductive object such as wooden or plastic broom handle, chair, or rubber doormat.

If high voltage lines are involved:

  • The local power company must shut them off.
  • Do not try to separate the person from current if you feel a tingling sensation in your legs and lower body. Hop on one foot to a safe place where you can wait for lines to be disconnected.
  • If a power line falls on a car, instruct the passengers to stay inside unless explosion or fire threatens.
  1. Do CPR, if Necessary

When you can safely touch the person, do CPR if the person is not breathing or does not have a pulse.

  • For a child, start CPR for children
  • For an adult, start adult CPR.
  1. Check for Other Injuries

  • If the person is bleeding, apply pressure and elevate the wound if it’s in an arm or leg.
  • There may be a fracture if the shock caused the person to fall.
  • For burns, see Burn Treatment.
  1. Wait for ambulance to Arrive

  2. Follow Up

  • A doctor will check the person for burns, fractures, dislocations, and other injuries.
  • An ECG, blood tests, CT scan, or MRI may be necessary.
  • The person may be admitted to the hospital or a burn center.

 

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